BTAB STMicroelectronics Triacs datasheet, inventory, & pricing. BTAB 12A Triacs. DESCRIPTION Available either in through-hole or surface-mount packages, the BTA/BTB12 and T12 triac series is suitable for general. DESCRIPTION. Available either in through-hole or surface-mount packages, the BTA12, BTB12 and T12 triac series is suitable for general.

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A careful reading of the application notes provided by the manufacturer and testing of the particular device model to design the correct network is in order. This is because it is the only quadrant where gate current is injected directly into the base of one of the main device transistors.

This is commonly used for controlling the speed of induction motorsdimming lamps, and controlling electric heaters. See discussion ] In addition, datashewt models of TRIACs logic level and snubberless types cannot be triggered in this quadrant but only in the other three. The turn-on is due to a parasitic capacitive coupling of the gate terminal with the MT2 terminal, which lets currents into the gate in response to a large rate of voltage change at MT2.

However, the structure is different from SCRs. The minimum current able to do this is called gate threshold current and is generally indicated by I GT. These devices are made specifically for improved commutation and can often control reactive loads without the use datqsheet a snubber circuit. The N region attached to MT2 is active, but the N region attached to MT1 only participates in the initial triggering, not the bulk current flow.

When switching on, the device starts to conduct current before the conduction finishes to spread across the entire junction. Figure 5 shows the triggering process. Retrieved from ” https: In addition, applying a trigger at a controlled phase angle of the AC in the main circuit allows control of the average current flowing into a load phase control.


Triggering in this quadrant is similar 6600b triggering in quadrant III. They are typically in the order of some milliamperes.


Quadrant 3 operation occurs when the gate and MT2 are negative with respect to MT1. As in the case of a triggering in quadrant III, this lowers the potential of the n-layer and turns on the PNP transistor formed by the n-layer and the two p-layers next to it. Alternatively, where safety allows and electrical isolation of the controller isn’t necessary, one of the microcontroller’s power rails may be connected one of the mains supply.

The whole process is outlined in Figure 6. This page was last edited on 26 Julyat In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The TRIAC’s gate can be connected through an opto-isolated transistor, and sometimes a resistor to the microcontroller, so that bringing the voltage down to the microcontroller’s logic zero pulls enough current through the TRIAC’s gate to trigger it.

The relative sensitivity depends on the physical structure of a particular triac, but as a rule, quadrant I is the most sensitive least gate current requiredand quadrant 4 is the least sensitive most gate current required.

The device typically starts to conduct the current dattasheet by the external circuitry after some nanoseconds or microseconds but the complete switch on of the whole junction takes a much longer time, so too swift a current rise may cause local hot spots that can permanently damage the TRIAC.

Quadrant 4 operation occurs when the gate is positive and MT2 is negative with respect to MT1. In particular, if the pulse width of the gate current is sufficiently large generally some tens of microsecondsthe TRIAC has completed the triggering process when the gate signal is discontinued and the latching current reaches a minimum level called holding current.

The four quadrants are illustrated in Figure 1, and depend on the gate and MT2 voltages with respect to MT1. Latching current is the minimum current that keeps the device internal structure latched in the absence btaa12 gate current. As forward-biasing implies the injection of minority carriers in the two layers joining the junction, electrons are injected in the p-layer under the gate.


In this case, the injection of holes in the p-silicon makes the stacked n, p and n layers beneath MT1 behave like a NPN transistor, which turns on due to the presence of a current in its base.

BTAB BTA Triac V 12A

Views Read Edit View history. TRIACfrom triode for alternating current060b a generic trademark for a three terminal electronic component that conducts current in either direction when triggered. The process happens in different steps here too.

Retrieved June 28, In many cases this is sufficient to lower the impedance of the gate towards MT1. Its formal name is bidirectional triode thyristor or bilateral triode thyristor.

Because in the TRIAC there are parasitic resistances, a high reverse current in the p-n junctions inside it can provoke a voltage drop between the gate region and datssheet MT1 region which may make the TRIAC stay turned on. When used to control reactive inductive or capacitive loads, care must be taken to ensure that the TRIAC turns off correctly at the end of each half-cycle of the AC in the main circuit.

A thyristor is analogous to a relay in that a small voltage and current can control a much larger voltage and current. Datashedt in turn lowers the potential of the n-region, acting as the base of a pnp 600h which switches on turning the transistor on without directly lowering the base potential is called remote gate control.

Solid state switches Power electronics.