Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.

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Smithsonian Marine Station

Adults have been found in freshwater caranxx as well as those with a salinity of Food Habits The crevalle jack is a diurnal predator. These individuals live on the outer shelf edges, sill reefs and upper slopes of the deep reef, and tend to be more solitary than juveniles.

Caranx hippos Linnaeus, However, larger individuals may be found swimming the waters alone. Reports from Pacific refer to Caranx caninuswhich may be conspecific. Phylogenetic diversity index Ref.

These catches are much larger than in the east, with hauls of between and 38 tonnes per year recorded sincealthough catches since only range between and 10 tonnes. The anal fin consists of two anteriorly detached spines followed by one spine and 16 or 17 soft rays. Images Caranx hippos map Caranx hippos 2 from Bloch, Caranx hippos was first described by Linnaeus in as Scomber hippos. The only amateur catch data available are from the US, which has an annual catch of around to tonnes per year.

It was described and named in by the famed Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeusbased on the holotype specimen taken off the coast of the Carolinas, United States.

Predators The crevalle jack is prey for many surface feeding carnivores, such as finfish including the striped marlin Tetrapturus audaxand sea birds. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. The former was an attempt to separate the ‘subspecies’ on each side of the Americas, [7] while the latter was an unnecessary name to divide the Atlantic Caranx hippos into subspecies.


Upper profile of head steep Ref.

The caudal fin is strongly forked, and the pectoral fins are falcate, being longer than the length of the head. The two most distinguishable features of this fish are the patch of scales between the pelvic fins and the oval, black spot on the pectoral fins.

Although the crevalle jack is a relevantly unimportant commercial fish, it is fished commercially throughout the year in southwest Florida, and in the spring, fall, and summer in the Gulf of Mexico. There is an oval black spot on the pectoral varanx this appears at about 4. Larval and juvenile jack crevalles are found in upstream currents and are common in shallow brackish waters.

Females are typically larger than males. Synopsis of the carangoids of the eastern coast of North America. A dark spot is present on the pectoral fin, with a similar dark to dusky carand present on the upper margin of the operculum. The chest is scaleless except for a small patch of scales in front of the pelvic fins.

Maxilla ending approximately below Ref. The crevalle jack inhabits both inshore and offshore waters to depths of around m, predominantly over reefsbays, lagoons and occasionally estuaries.

Marine Species Identification Portal : Crevalle jack – Caranx hippos

The species is found throughout the Greater Antilleshowever it is absent from the leeward Lesser Antilleswith its distribution being patchy throughout other Caribbean archipelagos. Entered by Luna, Susan M. They form fast-moving schools, although larger fish may be solitary.

This serves to blend in with the water from a predator searching from above, and to blend with the sunlight from a predator hunting from below.

Absent from eastern Lesser Antilles Ref. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Crevalle jack readily accept any style of lure, including hard-bodied spoons, carnx, plugs ccaranx poppers, as well as flies and soft rubber lures. The eggs of the crevalle jack are between.


There have been some reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. Larvae have been collected in areas with salinities between There has been extensive discussion in the scientific literature regarding the possible conspecifity of the Pacific crevalle jack, Caranx caninuswith Caranx hippos.

French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; Ref. The crevalle jack inhabits the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic Oceanranging extensively along both the eastern American coastline and the hipops African and European coastlines.

This led to the creation of two trinomial names ; Caranx hippos hippos and Caranx hippos tropicus. Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. The larva use estuaries as nurseries. The larval and juvenile growth cafanx been extensively studied, with the oldest known individual 17 years of age.

It has large eyes. The crevalle jack is one of the most abundant large carangids in the Atlantic Ocean, with at least two systematic studies placing it within the top five most abundant species of that region, namely lagoons in Nigeria and Chiapas, Mexico.

You can sponsor this page. The crevalle jack carxnx a highly important species to commercial fisheries throughout its range, with the greatest quantity of the species taken from the eastern Atlantic.

Popular baits include both nippos fish, such as mullet and menhadenas well as dead or strip baits consisting of fish, squid or prawns. The species’ northernmost record in the eastern Atlantic comes from Portugalwith the species also known to inhabit many of the northeastern Atlantic islands, including Cape VerdeMadeira Islandand the Canary Islands.

Coloration The crevalle jack is greenish-bluish or bluish-black above and silvery white to yellowish or golden below.