Christine Dubray. INFECTIOUS AGENT. The intestinal nematode (roundworm) Enterobius vermicularis. TRANSMISSION. Egg transmission. Pinworm infection, also known as enterobiasis, is a human parasitic disease caused by the pinworm. The most common symptom is itching in the anal area. Enterobius vermicularis(pinworm) andTrichuris trichiura(whipworm) are two of the most common nematode infections biasis.

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Pinworm infectionalso known as enterobiasisis a human parasitic disease caused by the pinworm.

Enterobiasis in Ectopic Locations Mimicking Tumor-Like Lesions

The disease is spread between people by pinworm eggs. Treatment is typically with two doses of the medications mebendazolepyrantel pamoateor albendazole two weeks apart.

Pinworm infections commonly occur in all parts of the world. One third of individuals with pinworm infection are totally asymptomatic.

Enterobiasis (oxiuriasis) familiar | Revista de Gastroenterología de México

Pinworms cannot damage the skin, [14] and they do not normally migrate through tissues. The relationship between pinworm infestation and appendicitis has been researched, but there is a lack of clear consensus on the matter: The cause of a pinworm infection is the worm Enterobius oxiuriasiss. The entire lifecycle — from egg to adult — takes place in the human gastrointestinal tract of a single human host.

Pinworm infection spreads through human-to-human transmissionby ingesting i. After the eggs have been initially deposited near the anus, they are readily transmitted to enetrobiasis surfaces through contamination. The life cycle begins with eggs being ingested.


Diagnosis depends on finding the eggs or the adult pinworms. Scotch Tape applied on the anal area will pick oxiuruasis deposited eggs, and diagnosis can be made by examining the tape with a microscope.

Pinworms do not lay eggs in the feces[20] but sometimes eggs are deposited in the intestine. Pinworm infection cannot be totally prevented under most circumstances. Preventative action revolves around personal hygiene and the cleanliness of the living quarters. Medication is the primary treatment for pinworm infection.

The osiuriasis compounds albendazole brand names e. Pinworm infection occurs worldwide, [10] and is the most common helminth i. The earliest known instance of pinworms is evidenced by pinworm eggs found in oxiuriasiacarbon dated to BC at western Utah.

Garlic has been used as a treatment in the ancient cultures of China, India, Egypt, and Greece. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the human infection with pinworms. For the organism itself, see Pinworm parasite. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original on 18 October Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.

Rook’s Textbook of Dermatology, 4 Volume Set 9 ed. Archived from the original on 5 November Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine.

Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 6 December Lecenje biljem – fitoterapija; pp. International Journal of Dermatology. Oxyuridaecollected from chimpanzees, Pan troglodyteson Rubondo Island, Tanzania”.


The Journal of Parasitology. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.

Pinworm infection

National Library of Medicine. Oxyuridae a distinct species? Diagnostic pathology of parasitic infections with clinical correlations PDF Second ed. Retrieved 21 August Manson’s tropical diseases Twentysecond ed. Retrieved 18 November Cook GC September Garcia, Lynne Shore Practical guide to diagnostic parasitology. American Society for Microbiology. Caldwell JP February Village Medical Manual 5th ed.

Pinworm infection – Wikipedia

Infectious diseases Parasitic disease: Fasciolopsis buski Fasciolopsiasis Metagonimus yokagawai Metagonimiasis Heterophyes heterophyes Heterophyiasis. Diphyllobothrium latum Diphyllobothriasis Spirometra erinaceieuropaei Sparganosis Diphyllobothrium mansonoides Sparganosis. Strongyloides stercoralis Strongyloidiasis Trichostrongylus spp. Enterobius vermicularis Enterobiasis Pinworm.

Biology portal Medicine portal. Retrieved from ” https: Colorectal surgery Parasites of equines Helminthiases Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites of the skin Foodborne illnesses. Views Read Edit View history.

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This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Pinworm eggs Enterobius vermicularis.

Itchy anal area [1]. Pinworms Enterobius vermicularis [3]. Seeing the worms or eggs [1]. Handwashingdaily bathing in the morning, daily changing of underwear [1]. Mebendazolepyrantel pamoateor albendazole [4]. D ICD – Secernentea Spiruria Camallanida Dracunculus medinensis Dracunculiasis.